Median salaries are greatest in civilian government, followed by for-profit companies. Universities, colleges, and other educational institutions pay the least.7
For-profit pay is higher than academic pay in most countries at most career stages, but the gap narrows with higher levels of experience. Earnings in North America are highest in both academia and for-profits, across regions and career stages.
Startups account for just over 16% of workers at for-profit organizations. These entrepreneurs earn median salaries of $80,787, versus $96,000 for their colleagues at traditional companies.