In December of 2017 and January of 2018, SPIE sent email survey invitations to a large subset of its global customer database. Response was voluntary and open. An iPad rafﬂe and early access to this report were offered as incentives to encourage participation. Surveys were completed online using SurveyGizmo’s enterprise survey tool. Results were ﬁltered for duplicates and invalid data to yield 7,035 valid responses. Microsoft Excel and SPSS were utilized for summary statistics and related analyses.